upon

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English

,

,

, from Old English

,

,

(deprecated template usage) uppan (on, upon, up to, against, after, in addition to)

, equivalent to Lua error in Module:compound/templates at line 63: The |lang= parameter is not used by this template. Place the language code in parameter 1 instead.. Cognate with Icelandic

,

(deprecated template usage) upp á (up on, upon)

, Swedish

(deprecated template usage) (up on, upon)

.

Pronunciation

Preposition

upon

  1. Being above and in contact with another.
    Place the book upon the table.
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      Yesterday, upon the stair / I met a man who wasn’t there / He wasn’t there again today / I wish, I wish he’d go away …
  2. Being directly supported by another.
    The crew set sail upon the sea.
    She balanced upon one foot.
  3. Being followed by another so as to form a series.
    hours upon hours, years upon years
  4. At a prescribed point in time.
    The contract was rendered void upon his death.
  5. On.
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      Although the Celebrity was almost impervious to sarcasm, he was now beginning to exhibit visible signs of uneasiness, the consciousness dawning upon him that his eccentricity was not receiving the ovation it merited.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter I, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384:
      Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence.

Usage notes

A somewhat elevated word; the simpler, more general term

is generally interchangeable, and more common in casual American speech. In poetic or legal contexts, upon is common.

Synonyms

  • (all senses): on
  • (time): at

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb

upon (not comparable)

  1. Being the target of an action.
    He was set upon by the agitated dogs
  2. Incidental to a specified point in time or order of action; usually combined with here-, there- or where-.
    The clock struck noon, whereupon the students proceeded to lunch.

Derived terms

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