then

See also: Then

English

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Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Middle English then(ne), than(ne), from Old English þonne, þanne, þænne (then, at that time), from Proto-Germanic *þan (at that (time), then), from earlier *þam, from Proto-Indo-European *tóm, accusative masculine of *só (demonstrative pronoun, that). Cognate with Dutch dan (then), German dann (then), Icelandic þá (then). Doublet of than.

Adverb

then (not comparable)

  1. (temporal location) At that time.
    He was happy then.
    • Bible, Genesis xii. 6
      And the Canaanite was then in the land.
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      In the old days, to my commonplace and unobserving mind, he gave no evidences of genius whatsoever. He never read me any of his manuscripts, […], and therefore my lack of detection of his promise may in some degree be pardoned. But he had then none of the oddities and mannerisms which I hold to be inseparable from genius, and which struck my attention in after days when I came in contact with the Celebrity.
  2. (temporal location) Soon afterward.
    He fixed it, then left.
    Turn left, then right, then right again, then keep going until you reach the service station.
    • Bible, Matthew v. 24
      First be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
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      Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
  3. (sequence) Next in order; in addition.
    There are three green ones, then a blue one.
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      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, with something of the stately pose which Richter has given his Queen Louise on the stairway, and the light of the reflector fell full upon her.
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  4. (conjunctive) In that case.
    If it’s locked, then we’ll need the key.
    Is it 12 o'clock already? Then it's time for me to leave.
    You don't like potatoes? What do you want me to cook, then?
  5. (sequence) At the same time; on the other hand.
    That’s a nice shirt, but then, so is the other one.
  6. (Britain, dialect, affirmation) Used to contradict an assertion.
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Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective

then (not comparable)

  1. Being so at that time.
    • 2011, Alessandra Lemma, Mary Target, Peter Fonagy, Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy: A Clinician's Guide, page 124:
      He had met his then girlfriend when he had just started university. The relationship ended unhappily when the girlfriend complained that he never wanted to go out.

Translations

Noun

then

  1. That time
    It will be finished before then.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Conjunction

then

Derived terms

References

Anagrams