such

See also: Such and súch

English

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Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English such, swuch, swulch, from Old English swylc, swilc, swelc (such), from Proto-Germanic *swalīkaz (so formed, so like), equivalent to Lua error in Module:compound/templates at line 63: The |lang= parameter is not used by this template. Place the language code in parameter 1 instead.. Cognate with Scots swilk, sic, sik (such), West Frisian suk, sok (such), Dutch zulk (such), Low German sölk, sulk, suk (such), German solch (such), Danish slig (like that, such), Swedish slik (such), Icelandic slíkur (such). More at so, like.

Pronunciation

Determiner

such

  1. (demonstrative) Like this, that, these, those; used to make a comparison with something implied by context.
    I’ve never seen such clouds in the sky before.  Such is life.
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      I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting, […], and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town. I was completely mystified at such an unusual proceeding.
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      She was a fat, round little woman, richly apparelled in velvet and lace, […]; and the way she laughed, cackling like a hen, the way she talked to the waiters and the maid, […]—all these unexpected phenomena impelled one to hysterical mirth, and made one class her with such immortally ludicrous types as Ally Sloper, the Widow Twankey, or Miss Moucher.
    • Template:quote-magazine
  2. (particularly used in formal documents) Any.
    the above address or at such other address as may notify
  3. Used as an intensifier; roughly equivalent to very much of.
    The party was such a bore.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175, page 030:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. And why else was he put away up there out of sight?—and so magnificent a brush as he had too. [].
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      Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.
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      Charles had not been employed above six months at Darracott Place, but he was not such a whopstraw as to make the least noise in the performance of his duties when his lordship was out of humour.
  4. (obsolete) A certain; representing the object as already particularized in terms which are not mentioned.
    • Samuel Daniel (1562-1619)
      In rushed one and tells him such a knight / Is new arrived.
    • Bible, James iv.13:
      To-day or to-morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Pronoun

such

  1. A person, a thing, people, or things like the one or ones already mentioned.
    • 1804, Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, The Tatler, C. Whittingham, John Sharpe, page 315:
      These oraculous proficients are day and night employed in deep searches for the direction of such as run astray after their lost goods : but at present they are more particularly serviceable to their country in foretelling the fate of such as have chances in the public lottery.
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      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.
    • 2000, Terry Goodkind, Faith of the Fallen (ISBN 0312867867), page 238:
      Some are just no-good locals—drunks and such—who’d just as soon beg or steal as work.

Translations

Noun

such (plural suches)

  1. (philosophy) Something being indicated that is similar to something else.
    • 1991, Frank A. Lewis, Substance and Predication in Aristotle
      But granted that Plato does not accept the this-such distinction, why saddle him with the view that all things are thises, rather than all suches or perhaps even neither?

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German

Verb

such