one

See also: ȫne, ʻone, -one, 'one, and оне

English

English numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 1 2  → 
    Cardinal: one
    Ordinal: first, proto-
    Latinate ordinal: primary
    Adverbial: once
    Multiplier: single, onefold
    Distributive: singly
    Collective: monad, onesome
    Fractional: whole
    Number of musicians: solo

Alternative forms

  • wone, o (both obsolete)
  • (Arabic numeral): 1 (see for numerical forms in other scripts)
  • (Roman numeral): I

Etymology

From Middle English one, on, oan, an, from Old English ān (one), from Proto-West Germanic *ain from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (single, one). Cognate with Scots ae, ane, wan, yin (one); North Frisian ån (one); Saterland Frisian aan (one); West Frisian ien (one); Dutch een, één (one); German Low German een; German ein, eins (one); Swedish en (one); Norwegian Nynorsk ein (one), Icelandic einn (one); Latin ūnus (one) (Old Latin oinos); Russian оди́н (odín).

Use as indefinite personal pronoun influenced by unrelated French on.[1]

Verb form from Middle English onen.

Around the 14th century, in southwest and western England, the word began to be pronounced with an initial /w/[1][2] (compare e.g. woak, Middle English wocke, a dialectal form of oak),[3] and the spellings won and wone began to be found alongside on, one;[4] the /w/ had become the norm by the 18th century.[1] In alone, atone, and only,[2] as well as in the dialectal form un, 'un[1] (and in none and no),[5] the older pronunciations without /w/ are preserved,[1][2] while once shows the same /w/.

Pronunciation

Numeral

one

  1. The number represented by the Arabic numeral 1; the numerical value equal to that cardinal number.
    In some religions, there is only one god.
    In many cultures, a baby turns one year old a year after its birth.
    One person, one vote.
  2. (number theory) The first positive number in the set of natural numbers.
  3. (set theory) The cardinality of the smallest nonempty set.
  4. (mathematics) The ordinality of an element which has no predecessor, usually called first or number one.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See one/translations § Numeral.

Pronoun

one (reflexive oneself, possessive adjective one’s, plural ones)

  1. (impersonal pronoun, indefinite) One thing (among a group of others); one member of a group.
    The big one looks good.  I want the green one.  A good driver is one who drives carefully.
  2. (impersonal pronoun, sometimes with "the") The first mentioned of two things or people, as opposed to the other.
    She offered him an apple and an orange; he took one and left the other.
  3. (indefinite personal pronoun) Any person (applying to people in general).
    One’s guilt may trouble one, but it is best not to let oneself be troubled by things which cannot be changed.One shouldn’t be too quick to judge.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the back turned on the rick and nothing in front but the tall elms and the oaks in the other hedge, it was quite easy to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods close by.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 2, in The Mirror and the Lamp[1]:
      She was a fat, round little woman, richly apparelled in velvet and lace, []; and the way she laughed, cackling like a hen, the way she talked to the waiters and the maid, [] — all these unexpected phenomena impelled one to hysterical mirth, and made one class her with such immortally ludicrous types as Ally Sloper, the Widow Twankey, or Miss Moucher.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess[2]:
      ‘It's rather like a beautiful Inverness cloak one has inherited. Much too good to hide away, so one wears it instead of an overcoat and pretends it's an amusing new fashion.’
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get [].
    • 2013 September 6, Philip Hoare, “If we're all Martians, who are the aliens?”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 13, page 48:
      One has to admire the sheer optimism of modern science: I love the fact that there is such a discipline as astrobiology, whose practitioners' task is to imagine what life might be like on other planets. Yet here on the home planet we have profoundly strange aliens of our own.
  4. (pronoun) Any person, entity or thing.
    "driver", noun: one who drives.

Synonyms

  • (unidentified person): you, they (in nominative personal case)

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

one (plural ones)

  1. The digit or figure 1.
  2. (mathematics) The neutral element with respect to multiplication in a ring.
  3. (US) A one-dollar bill.
  4. (cricket) One run scored by hitting the ball and running between the wickets; a single.
  5. A joke or amusing anecdote.
    Did you hear the one about the agnostic dyslexic insomniac?
  6. (colloquial) A particularly special or compatible person or thing.
    I knew as soon I met him that John was the one for me and we were married within a month.
    That car's the one — I'll buy it.
    • 1995, Bryan Adams, Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?
      When you love a woman then tell her / that she's really wanted / When you love a woman then tell her that she's the one / 'cause she needs somebody to tell her / that it's gonna last forever
  7. (Internet slang, leetspeak, sarcastic) Used instead of ! to amplify an exclamation, parodying unskilled typists who forget to press the shift key while typing exclamation points, thus typing "1".
    A: SUM1 Hl3p ME im alwyz L0ziN!1!?1!
    Someone help me; I'm always losing!
    B: y d0nt u just g0 away l0zer!!1!!one!!one!!eleven!!1!
    Why don't you just go away loser!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    • 2003 September 26, "DEAL WITH IT!!!!11one!!", in alt.games.video.nintendo.gamecube, Usenet
    • 2004 November 9, "AWK sound recorder!!!11!!11one", in comp.lang.awk, Usenet
    • 2007 December 1, "STANFORD!!1!!1!one!11!!1oneone!1!1!", in rec.sport.football.college, Usenet

Synonyms

  • (mathematics: multiplicative identity): unity
  • (US: one-dollar bill): single
  • (sarcastic substitution for !): 1, eleven

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective

one (not comparable)

  1. Of a period of time, being particular.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    One day the prince set forth to kill the dragon that had brought terror to his father’s kingdom for centuries.
  2. Being a single, unspecified thing; a; any.
    My aunt used to say, "One day is just like the other."
  3. Sole, only.
    He is the one man who can help you.
  4. Whole, entire.
    Body and soul are not separate; they are one.
  5. In agreement.
    We are one on the importance of learning.
  6. The same.
    The two types look very different, but are one species.
  7. Being a preeminent example.
    He is one hell of a guy.
  8. Being an unknown person with the specified name; see also "a certain".
    The town records from 1843 showed the overnight incarceration of one “A. Lincoln”.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Derived terms

Terms derived from the adjective, noun, numeral, or pronoun one

Verb

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  1. To cause to become one; to gather into a single whole; to unite.
    • (Can we date this quote by Chaucer and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The rich folk that embraced and oned all their heart to treasure of the world.
    • 1994, Christopher Nugent, Mysticism, Death and Dying, page 55:
      The question, of course, evokes discernment, not dogma, but we should note that the "unknowing" involves intellectual knowledge, whereas the problematic of being "oned" involves experiential knowledge.
    • 2000, Carolyn Baker, The Journey of Forgiveness: Fulfilling the Healing Process, page 145:
      And both shall be oned in eternal happiness.
    • 2003, Elizabeth MacKinlay, Mental Health and Spirituality in Later Life, page 83:
      Knit and oned to God human beings are irrevocably in relationship with the divine.
    • 2019, David Grieve, Love in Thin Places: Confessions of a Cathedral Chaplain, page 43:
      What might be if we were Oned? United, as we would say, but at a greater depth than being a season ticket holder in a football club, or a shareholder in some conglomerate.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Douglas Harper, “one”, in Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 atone in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  3. ^ Christopher Upward, George Davidson, The History of English Spelling (2011), section "O"
  4. ^ Middle English Dictionary: "ō̆n"
  5. ^ Oliver Farrer Emerson, the History of the English Language (1921), page 314

Anagrams


Aiwoo

Verb

one

  1. to hunt

References


Hawaiian

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Pronunciation

Noun

one

  1. sand

Japanese

Romanization

one

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おね

Kustenau

Noun

one

  1. water

References

  • Anales: Sección historico-filosófica (Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo), volume 1 (2), part 1

Mangarevan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Maori

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. beach
  2. sand, mud
  3. soil, earth

Middle English

Etymology 1

Preposition

one

  1. Alternative form of on

Adverb

one

  1. Alternative form of on (on)

Etymology 2

Numeral

one

  1. Alternative form of on

Etymology 3

Adverb

one

  1. Alternative form of on (singly)

Etymology 4

Noun

one (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hone (delay)

Etymology 5

Verb

one (third-person singular simple present oneth, present participle onynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle oned)

  1. Alternative form of onen

Etymology 6

Verb

one (third-person singular simple present an, present participle onende, first-/third-person singular past indicative oðe, past participle onen)

  1. (Early Middle English) Alternative form of unnen

Etymology 7

Noun

one (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of wone (course)

Etymology 8

Noun

one (plural ones)

  1. Alternative form of oven

Etymology 9

Adjective

one

  1. Alternative form of owen

Niuean

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand
  2. gunpowder

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ony, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔ.nɛ/
  • (file)

Pronoun

one pl

  1. nominative plural of ona; they; nonvirile third-person plural pronoun, used for all groups not containing men

Declension

Related terms

See also

Further reading

  • one in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rarotongan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Samoan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ony, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ǒne/
  • Hyphenation: o‧ne

Pronoun

òne (Cyrillic spelling о̀не)

  1. they (nominative plural of òna (she)); nonvirile third-person plural pronoun, used for all groups not containing men
  2. masculine plural accusative of onaj

Declension


Slovene

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Pronoun

óne

  1. they (feminine plural, more than two)

Inflection

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See also


Tahitian

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Pronunciation

Noun

one

  1. sand
  2. dust

References


Tikopia

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Tokelauan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Tuamotuan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *qone, from Proto-Austronesian *qənay.

Noun

one

  1. sand

Volapük

Pronoun

one

  1. (dative singular of on) to it