not

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English not, nat, variant of noght, naht (not, nothing), from Old English *nōht, nāht (nought, nothing), short for nōwiht, nāwiht (nothing, literally not anything), corresponding to ne (not) + ōwiht, āwiht (anything), corresponding to ā (ever, always) + wiht (thing, creature). Cognate with Scots nat, naucht (not), Saterland Frisian nit (not), West Frisian net (not), Dutch niet (not), German nicht (not). Compare nought, naught and aught. More at no, wight, whit.

Pronunciation

Adverb

not (not comparable)

  1. Negates the meaning of the modified verb.
    Did you take out the trash? No, I did not.
    Not knowing any better, I went ahead.
  2. To no degree.
    That is not red; it's green.
  3. Used to modify superlatives to indicate the opposite or near opposite.
    That day was not the best day of my life.
    It was not my favorite movie of all time.

Usage notes

In modern usage, do-support requires that the form do not ... (or don’t ...) is preferred to ... not for all but a short list of verbs (is/am/are/was/were, have/has/had, can/could, shall/should, will/would, may/might, must, need, ought):

  • They do not sow. (modern) vs. They sow not. (KJB)

American usage tends to prefer don’t have or haven’t got to have not or haven’t, except when have is used as an auxiliary (or in the idiom have-not):

  • I don’t have a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (US)
  • I haven’t a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (outside US)
  • I haven’t been to Spain. (universal)

The verb need is only directly negated when used as an auxiliary, and even this usage is rare, especially in the US.

  • You don’t need to trouble yourself. (common)
  • You needn’t trouble yourself. (outside US, rare)
  • I don’t need any eggs today. (universal)

The verb dare can sometimes be directly negated.

  • I daren't do that.

The verb do, as a main verb, takes do not.

  • He does not do that.

In the imperative, all verbs, including be, take do not.

  • Don't do that.
  • Don't be silly. (not *Be not silly.)

In the infinitive, verbs must be negated directly. In this case not cannot appear after the verb; some authorities recommend placing it before to to avoid a split infinitive, but for most speakers the forms not to do and to not do are more or less interchangeable, with the latter being mostly informal.

  • The objective is not to lose or The objective is to not lose.
  • I wanted not to go or I wanted to not go. (Note the difference between this and I didn't want to go, where want is the verb being negated.)

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Conjunction

not

  1. And not.
    I wanted a plate of shrimp, not a bucket of chicken.
    He painted the car blue and black, not solid purple.

Usage notes

  • The construction “A, not B” is synonymous with the constructions “A, and not B”; “not B, but A”; and “not B, but rather A”.

Translations

Interjection

not!

  1. (slang, 1990s) Used to indicate that the previous phrase was meant sarcastically or ironically.
    I really like hanging out with my little brother watching Barney... not!
    Sure, you're perfect the way you are... not!

Synonyms

Translations

See also

Noun

not (plural nots)

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) alternative typography of NOT

Usage notes

Boolean variables and states are commonly written in all uppercase in order to distinguish them from the ordinary uses of the words.

Translations

Contraction

not

  1. (obsolete) Contraction of ne wot; to know not.
    • Geoffrey Chaucer's The Knight's Tale.
      I noot which was the fairer of hem two

See also

Anagrams


Albanian

Etymology

From notoj.

Noun

not m

  1. a swim

Related terms


Aromanian

Etymology 1

From Greek νότος (nótos).

Alternative forms

Noun

not m

  1. dry wind from the south

Synonyms

See also

Etymology 2

Verb

not

  1. to swim

Etymology 3

From anot (I swim). Compare Italian nuoto, Portuguese nado.

Noun

not m

  1. swim, swimming

Synonyms


Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1

From German Nut.

Noun

not c (singular definite noten, plural indefinite noter)

  1. (mechanics) A groove.
Inflection

Etymology 2

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

From Norwegian not.

Noun

not class /n (singular definite noten or notet, plural indefinite noter or not)

  1. (fishing) seine net
    Synonym: snurpenot
Inflection
Derived terms

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

not


Icelandic

Pronunciation

Noun

not n pl (plurale tantum)

  1. use

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Luxembourgish

Adjective

not

  1. Template:lb-inflected form of

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin nota.

Noun

not m (nominative plural notas)

  1. a sign; mark; a mark made on an object

Declension

Descendants


Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse nót, from Proto-Germanic *nōtō.

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

nōt f

  1. net, seine

Declension

Descendants


Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) notg

Etymology

From Latin noctem, accusative of nox, from Proto-Indo-European *nókʷts.

Noun

not f (plural nots)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) night

Scottish Gaelic

Noun

not m (genitive singular not, plural notaichean)

  1. Alternative form of nota.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

not c

  1. (music) note.
  2. a short message; note.
  3. (diplomacy) a formal message from a country to another country’s embassy.

Declension

Declension of not 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative not noten noter noterna
Genitive nots notens noters noternas

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English North.

Noun

not

  1. North

Turkish

Noun

not (definite accusative notu, plural notlar)

  1. a short message; note
    Not: Seni seviyorum.PS: I love you.

Declension

Inflection
Nominative not
Definite accusative notu
Singular Plural
Nominative not notlar
Definite accusative notu notları
Dative nota notlara
Locative notta notlarda
Ablative nottan notlardan
Genitive notun notların