mu

English

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Ancient Greek Alphabet

lambda
Greek uc mu.pngGreek lc mu.png
nu
Μ μ
Ancient Greek: μῦ
Wikipedia article on mu

Etymology 1

From Ancient Greek μῦ ().

Pronunciation

Noun

mu (countable and uncountable, plural mus)

  1. The 12th letter of the Modern Greek alphabet.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Japanese (mu, nothing, neither yes nor no)

Pronunciation

Interjection

mu

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Neither yes nor no.
    • 1974, Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance:
      Mu means "no thing." Like "Quality" it points outside the process of dualistic discrimination. Mu simply says, "No class; not one, not zero, not yes, not no." [...] It's a great mistake, a kind of dishonesty, to sweep nature's mu answers under the carpet.
    • 1979, Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid:
      Achilles: Oh, but MU is Jōshū’s answer. By saying MU, Jōshū let the other monk know that only by not asking such questions can one know the answer to them.
      Tortoise: Jōshū “unasked” the question. […]
      Achilles: […] And the answer of “MU” here rejects the premises of the question, which are that one or the other must be chosen.
    • 1996, Dan Simmons, "Looking for Kelly Dahl", The Year's Best Science Fiction, page 424:
      "Mu," said Kelly Dahl.
      On one level mu means only yes, but on a deeper level of Zen it was often used by the master when the acolyte asked a stupid, unanswerable or wrongheaded question such as "Does a dog have the Buddha-nature?" The Master would answer only, "Mu," meaning—I say "yes" but mean "no," but the actual answer is: Unask the question.
    • 2002, Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, The Heart of Dōgen's Shōbōgenzō, page 72:
      The Fifth Patriarch's utterance You say mu [Buddha-nature] because Buddha-nature is emptiness articulates clearly and distinctly the truth that emptiness is not "no". In uttering Buddha-nature-emptiness one does not say "half a pound." One does not say "eight ounces." One says "mu."
    • 2010, Joan Price, Sacred Scriptures of the World Religions, page 70:
      A monk once asked Master Joshu, 'Has a dog the Buddha Nature or not?' Joshu said, 'Mu!'

Noun

mu (uncountable)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Nothingness; nonexistence; the illusory nature of reality.
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      That being the case, we should naturally choose to contemplate mu from morning to night, forgetting everything.
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      Consequently, though mu is mindlike, the likeness to individual consciousness cannot be pushed very far.
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      The monk posed to Chaoi-chou a question: Does a dog have a buddha nature or not?" Chao-chou, without a moment's hesitation, answered, “Mu." (Translated as "No.")
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      If mu is mind, consciousness, it is nothing.

Usage notes

Used to answer a question that if answered with "yes" or "no" would imply something false.

Etymology 3

From Mandarin ()

Noun

mu (plural mu)

  1. A unit of surface area, currently equivalent to 666 and 2/3 meters squared.
    • 2007 — Chang Liu, “Peasants and Revolution in Rural China: Rural Political Change in the North China Plain and the Yangzi Delta, 1850-1949”, page 87
      Of 114 village farming families, only ten had more than 30 mu of land and only five had more than 60 mu.

Anagrams


Asturian

Interjection

mu

  1. moo (sound made by a cow or bull)

Czech

Pronunciation

Pronoun

mu

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Singular dative masculine of on
    Řekni mu, že jím. - Tell him, I am eating.

Synonyms


Extremaduran

Adverb

mu

  1. very

See also


French

Pronunciation

Noun

mu m (plural mu)

  1. mu (Greek letter)

Further reading


Hanga Hundi

Noun

mu

  1. (a) crocodile

Further reading


Ikobi-Mena

Noun

mu (Mena), mụ (Ikobi)

  1. water

References


Indonesian

Etymology

From Malay mu, shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

mu

  1. you

Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

mu m or f (invariable)

  1. The name of the letter M

Japanese

Romanization

mu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jurchen

Noun

mu

  1. water

References

  • Gisaburō Norikura Kiyose, A Study of the Jurchen Language and Script: Reconstruction and Decipherment (1977)

Kituba

Pronoun

mu

  1. I

Kom (Cameroon)

Etymology 1

Noun

mu

  1. water

Etymology 2

Adjective

mu

  1. old

References

  • Randy Jones, Provisional Kom - English lexicon (2001, Yaoundé, Cameroon)

Lojban

Lojban cardinal numbers
 <  vo mu xa  > 
    Cardinal : mu
    Ordinal : mumai
    Adverbial : muroi
    Distributive : mumei
    Quantified : mumoi
    Higher-Order Ordinal : mumo'o

Pronunciation

Cmavo

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  1. five

Derived terms


Malay

Etymology

Shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

mu

  1. you

See also


Mandarin

Romanization

mu

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun

mu


Polish

Pronunciation

Pronoun

mu

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Dative singular mute form of on
    .

See also


Portuguese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Latin mūlus (mule)

Noun

mu m (plural mus)

  1. mule
Synonyms

Etymology 2

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Alternative forms

Interjection

mu

  1. moo (the call of a cow)

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Old Irish imb (compare Irish um), from Proto-Celtic *ambi (compare Welsh am), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around). Cognate with Latin ambi-, Sanskrit अभि (abhí, towards, over, upon), Old Persian 𐎠𐎲𐎡𐎹 (abiy, towards, against, upon), Old High German umbi, Ancient Greek ἀμφί (amphí, about, around) and the first part of Old Armenian ամբ-ողջ (amb-ołǰ, whole).

Preposition

mu

  1. about, around
    Bha craobhan mu ghàrradh an taighe.There were trees around the house's yard.
  2. about, concerning
    Bha sinn a' bruidhinn mu làithean san sgoil againn.We were talking about our days at school.
  3. about, approximately
    Bidh a' chuairt a' toirt mu thrì uairean.The trip will take about three hours.

Usage notes

Derived terms

(deprecated use of |lang= parameter)
  • The following prepositional pronouns:
  • Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
    Singular 1st umam umamsa
    2nd umad umadsa
    3rd m uime uimesan
    3rd f uimpe uimpese
    Plural 1st umainn umainne
    2nd umaibh umaibhse
    3rd umpa umpasan

    Serbo-Croatian

    Pronoun

    mu (Cyrillic spelling му)

    1. to him (clitic dative singular of ȏn (he))
    2. to it (clitic dative singular of òno (it))

    Declension


    Spanish

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    mu f (plural múes)

    1. mu; the Greek letter Μ, μ
    2. moo (sound of a cow)

    Synonyms


    Swedish

    Pronunciation

    Interjection

    mu

    1. moo

    Noun

    mu n

    1. moo; the sound of a cow or a bull

    See also


    Turkish

    Particle

    mu

    1. Used to form interrogatives.
      Ona bu soruyu sordun mu?
      Did you ask him/her this question?
      Mutlu musun?
      Are you happy?
      Pikniğe gitmiyor muyuz?
      Aren't we going for a picnic?

    Usage notes

    • Personal suffixes are added to the interrogative particles, as well as the past tense suffixes.
    • This form is used when the last vowel of the previous word is "o" or "u". Other forms used with different vowels are: ?, mi? and ?

    Tzotzil

    Pronunciation

    Etymology 1

    Adjective

    mu

    1. delicious

    Etymology 2

    Particle

    mu

    1. (negation) not
      Mu jna'. - I do not know him/her/it.
    Synonyms
    Derived terms

    (particles)

    References


    Volapük

    Etymology

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    Adverb

    mu

    1. extremely