just

See also: Just, júst, and Júst

English

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Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English juste, borrowed from Old French juste, from Latin iūstus (just, lawful, rightful, true, due, proper, moderate), from Proto-Italic *jowestos, related to Latin iūs (law, right); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂yew-. Compare Scots juist (just), Saterland Frisian juust (just), West Frisian just (just), Dutch juist (just), Low German jüst (jüst), German just (just), Danish just (just), Swedish just (just).

Adjective

just (comparative juster or more just, superlative justest or most just)

  1. Factually right, correct; factual.
    It is a just assessment of the facts.
  2. Rationally right, correct.
  3. Morally right; upright, righteous, equitable; fair.
    It looks like a just solution at first glance.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 1, Act, Scene ,[1]
      My lord, we know your grace to be a man
      Just and upright.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Colossians 4:1,[2]
      Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.
    • (deprecated use of |lang= parameter)
      1744, Alexander Shiels [i.e., Alexander Shields], “Period VI. Containing the Testimony through the Continued Tract of the Present Deformation, from the Year 1660 to this Day.”, in A Hind Let Loose: Or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ; with the True State thereof in All Its Periods: [...], Edinburgh: Reprinted by R. Drummond and Company, and sold by William Gray bookbinder in the Grassmarket, and several others, &c., OCLC 723488025, pages 167–168:
      Here is a Proclamation for a Prince: that proclaims him in whoſe name it is emitted [James II of England], to be the greateſt Tyrant that ever lived in the world, and their Revolt who have diſowned him to be the juſteſt that ever was.
    • 1901, H. G. Wells, The First Men in the Moon, Chapter 23,[3]
      Looking back over my previously written account of these things, I must insist that I have been altogether juster to Cavor than he has been to me.
  4. Proper, adequate.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb

just (not comparable)

  1. Only, simply, merely.
    Plant just a few tomatoes, unless you can freeze or dry them.
    He calls it vermilion, but it's just red to me.
  2. (sentence adverb) Used to reduce the force of an imperative; simply.
    Just follow the directions on the box.
  3. (speech act) Used to convey a less serious or formal tone
    I just called to say "hi".
  4. (speech act) Used to show humility.
    Lord, we just want to thank You and praise Your Name.
  5. (degree) absolutely, positively
    It is just splendid!
  6. Moments ago, recently.
    They just left, but you may leave a message at the desk.
  7. By a narrow margin; closely; nearly.
    The fastball just missed my head!
    The piece just might fit.
  8. Exactly, precisely, perfectly.
    He wants everything just right for the big day.
    • John Dryden
      And having just enough, not covet more.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      The god Pan guided my hand just to the heart of the beast.
    • William Shakespeare
      To-night, at Herne's oak, just 'twixt twelve and one.
    • (deprecated use of |lang= parameter)
      2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. Piling debt onto companies’ balance-sheets is only a small part of what leveraged buy-outs are about, they insist. Improving the workings of the businesses they take over is just as core to their calling, if not more so. Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Interjection

just

  1. (slang) Expressing dismay or discontent.

Etymology 2

Variation of joust, presumably ultimately from Latin iuxta 'near, besides'.

Noun

just (plural justs)

  1. A joust, tournament.

Verb

just (third-person singular simple present justs, present participle justing, simple past and past participle justed)

  1. To joust, fight a tournament.
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Translations

References

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan, from Latin iūstus, jūstus, from Proto-Italic *jowestos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂yew-.

Pronunciation

Adjective

just (feminine justa, masculine plural justs or justos, feminine plural justes)

  1. fair; just
  2. perfectly, almost perfectly

Derived terms

Related terms

Adverb

just

  1. justly

Further reading


Estonian

Etymology

From Middle Low German just or Swedish just. Possibly from German just. See also justament

Adverb

just

  1. exactly, precisely, just
    Sa tulid just parajal ajal.
    You came just at the right time.
  2. recently, just now, just
    Ma jõudsin just koju.
    I just got home.
  3. really (softens what has been said)
    Ta pole just töökas mees.
    He isn't much of a worker.

Finnish

Etymology

From Swedish just

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈjust/, [ˈjus̠t̪]

Adverb

just

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) just, exactly, precisely, perfectly

Synonyms


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin iūstus, jūstus.

Adjective

just

  1. just, right, correct, proper
  2. exact
  3. adequate
  4. apt

Derived terms

Related terms


German

Pronunciation

Adverb

just

  1. (solemn) just
    just in dem Moment als ...just at the moment as ...

Synonyms

Further reading

  • just in Duden online

Latvian

Pronunciation

Verb

just tr., 1st conj., pres. jūtu, jūti, jūt, past jutu

  1. to feel (to perceive with one's sense organs)
    just aukstumu, karstumu, sāpesto feel cold, heat, pain
    tā, ka nejūt zemi zem kājāmsuch that s/he doesn't feel the earth under his/her feet (= very fast)
  2. to sense
  3. to palp
  4. to have a sensation

Conjugation

Derived terms

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Old French

Verb

just

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) third-person singular past historic of gesir

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French juste, Latin jūstus, iūstus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

just m or n (feminine singular justă, masculine plural juști, feminine and neuter plural juste)

  1. just, correct

Synonyms


Swedish

Pronunciation

Adverb

just

  1. just; quite recently; only moments ago
  2. just; only, simply
  3. exactly, precisely
    Just nu
    Right now (At this precise moment)
    Det var just vad jag ville ha!
    That's exactly what I wanted!