je

Albanian

Pronunciation

Verb

je


Bassa

Pronunciation

Noun

je

  1. jealousy

References


Blagar

Noun

je

  1. canoe

References


Bourguignon

Normal form

Etymology

The traditional form is i but je is found as early as in the first recorded texts in Bourguignon. However nowadays, it is rare to find it, most speakers saying i as it is a typical feature of Bourguignon.

Pronoun

je

  1. (rare)

Related terms


Czech

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jь, *ja, *je, originally from Proto-Indo-European *eno-, *ono-, *no-.[cs 1]

Pronoun

je (personal pronoun, accusative case)

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) the third-person plural accusative case of on
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) the third-person plural accusative case of ona
  3. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) the third-person plural accusative case of ono
See also

Etymology 2

Formerly jest, from Proto-Slavic *estь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.[cs 1]

Verb

je

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rejzek, Jiří (2007) Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Version 1.0 edition, Prague: Leda

Dutch

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Pronoun

je

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person singular, subjective, unstressed form of jij
    (you)
    Wat doe je daar?What are you doing there?
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person singular, objective, unstressed form of jou
    (you)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
  3. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person plural, subjective, unstressed form of jullie
    (you) (plural)
    Wat doe je daar? — What are you doing there?
  4. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person plural, objective, unstressed form of jullie
    (you) (plural)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
Usage notes
  • When je is the unstressed subjective form of jullie, it is construed with a singular verb. Compare:
Het is gevaarlijk, maar jullie moeten weten wat je doet.
It’s dangerous, but you must decide what you’re doing.
Inflection


Etymology 2

Determiner

je (second person, possessive)

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person singular, unstressed form of jouw
    (your)
    Neem je boek en maak die oefening. — Take your book and do that exercise.
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person plural, unstressed form of jullie
    (your) (plural)
    Neem je boeken en maak die oefening. — Take your books and do that exercise.
Inflection


Etymology 3

Pronoun

je (second person, reflexive)

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person singular of je
    (yourself)
    Heb je je gewassen? — Did you wash yourself?
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Second-person plural of je
    (yourselves)
    Hebben jullie je goed voorbereid? — Have you all prepared yourselves well?
Inflection



Esperanto

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Preposition

je

  1. An all-purpose preposition.

Usage notes

The preposition je can replace any other preposition and remain grammatically correct, albeit more ambiguous. It is usually clear what meaning is intended based on context.

It is most useful for prepositional phrases not involving a literal physical connection, and instead, the correct preposition in the source language is mandated by convention only:

"He bets on the horses." (He doesn't place his money on the physical body of the horse.)
"I typed it on the computer." (It was actually typed using the computer.)
"She'll be here in a minute." (She'll be here within or after a minute.)

Without context, Donu ĝin je mi could mean any of the following:

Donu ĝin je [al] mi. — “Give it to me.”
Donu ĝin je [el] mi. — “Give it from me.”
Donu ĝin je [kun] mi. — “Give it with me.”

Without context, La kato saltis je la tablon could mean any of the following:

La kato saltis je [sur] la tablon. — “The cat jumped onto the table.”
La kato saltis je [malsuper] la tablon. — “The cat jumped under the table.”
La kato saltis je [malantaŭ] la tablon. — “The cat jumped behind the table.”

Related terms


French

Etymology

From Old French jo, from Vulgar Latin *eo, from Latin ego, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Near cognates include Spanish yo and Italian io. Further cognates include Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Russian я (ya), English I, German ich, etc.

See cognates in regional languages in France : Angevin je, Bourbonnais-Berrichon je, Bourguignon je or i, Champenois ju, Franc-Comtois i, Gallo je, Lorrain je, Norman je, Orléanais je, Picard ej, Poitevin-Saintongeais jhe, Tourangeau je, Franco-Provençal je and jo, Occitan ieu (Gasconian jo), Catalan jo, Corsican eo.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

je (first person singular, plural nous, object me, emphatic moi)

  1. I

Usage notes

  • When several pronouns are included in the same sentence, it is considered impolite to say the pronoun je first; it must be the last one, and tu must be said after third persons (this applies also for toi and moi):
    • Nous irons, Rose, toi et moi.
      You, Rose, and I will go.

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


German

Etymology

Old High German io.

Pronunciation

Adverb

je

  1. ever
  2. per
  3. (with “desto” or “umso) the
    je mehr, desto besserthe more the better
    je früher, umso besserthe sooner the better

Derived terms


Haitian Creole

Etymology

(deprecated use of |lang= parameter) (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Related to zye?”)

Noun

je

  1. eye

Synonyms


Icelandic

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Shortening of Jesús (Jesus).

Interjection

je

  1. oh my!

Etymology 2

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Interjection

je

  1. (slang) yeah (indicating enthusiastic appreciation, etc.)

Etymology 3

Noun

je n (genitive singular jes, nominative plural je)

  1. (obsolete) Name of the letter J, j.
Declension
Synonyms
  • (name of J, j): joð

Ido

Pronunciation

Noun

je (plural je-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter J/j.

See also


Lower Sorbian

Alternative forms

  • nje (after a preposition)

Pronunciation

Pronoun

je


Middle French

Pronoun

je


Middle Low German

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. .

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronoun

je (accusative meg)

form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by eg

See also


Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Latin ego.

Pronoun

je

  1. I
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      qant je vos voi de tel meniere
      when I see you in such a state

Descendants

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Polish

Pronunciation

Pronoun

je

Verb

je


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Shortened from jȅst (is).

Pronunciation

Verb

je ? (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. is (clitic third-person singular present of bȉti (to be))

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Pronoun

je (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. of her (clitic genitive singular of òna (she))
  2. to her (clitic accusative singular of òna (she))
Declension

Slovak

Pronunciation

Verb

je

  1. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Third-person singular of jesť

Slovene

Verb

je

  1. Template:sl-form-verb
  2. Template:sl-form-verb

Swahili

Particle

je

  1. well? now? (used to call attention to a question)

Usage notes

Je precedes the question, and is more commonly used in writing (to supplement for what is usually conveyed by tone of voice in speech).

Adverb

-je

  1. A clitic placed at the end of a verb, meaning how.
    umelalaje?
    how did you sleep?

Turkish

Noun

je (definite accusative jeyi, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

Noun

je (definite accusative jeni, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J.

Declension


Westrobothnian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Norse ér, from a variant of Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

je c pl (accusative je, dative jerom, possessive masculine jeern, feminine jera, neuter jere)

  1. (personal) you (second person plural)
    gev e ått fåren jere
    give it to that sheep of yours
    annäjerä
    either of you
  2. (formal) you

Declension