his

See also: His and hís

English

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Etymology 1

From Middle English his, from Old English his (his; its), from Proto-Germanic *hes (of this), genitive of Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this). Cognate with Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic hans (his). More at he; see also its.

Pronunciation

Determiner

his

  1. Belonging to him. [from 8th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.i:
      With that he put his spurres vnto his steed, / With speare in rest, and toward him did fare, / Like shaft out of a bow preuenting speed.
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
    • 2011, Xan Rice, The Guardian, 8 Apr 2011:
      In his first televised address since the siege in Abidjan began this week, Ouattara said he would focus on returning the country to normal to ease the plight of civilians.
  2. (dated) Belonging to a person of unspecified gender.
    • David Hume
      On the contrary, those other passions, commonly denominated selfish, both produce different sentiments in each individual, according to his particular situation []
  3. (obsolete) Its; belonging to it. (Now only when implying personification.) [11th-17th c.]
  4. (archaic) Used as a genitive marker in place of ’s after a noun, especially a masculine noun ending in -s, to express the possessive case. [from 11th c.]
    Ahab his mark for Ahab's mark.
Usage notes
  • When followed by a noun, it is sometimes referred to as a possessive adjective, qualifying the following noun. It is, however, the possessive case of the personal pronoun he.
Translations
See also

Pronoun

his

  1. That which belongs to him; the possessive case of he, used without a following noun.
    The decision was his to live with.
  2. (deprecated use of |lang= parameter) Alternative spelling of His
Translations

See also

Etymology 2

Noun

his

    • 2009, John M. Carney, Welcome to Tranquility
      The Hikkams pushed a table over by the booth where the Lochwoods and Meekums were sitting, exchanged his and sat down.

Anagrams


Danish

Noun

his n


Finnish

Noun

his

  1. (music) B-sharp

Latin

Pronoun

hīs


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English his, from Proto-Germanic *hes (of this), genitive of Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this).

Determiner

his (nominative pronoun he)

  1. Third-person singular masculine genitive determiner: his, of him.
  2. Third-person singular neuter genitive determiner: its, of it.
  3. Used in place of the possessive suffix -es to denote possession by an antecedent noun.
    • 1470, Thomas Malory, Works.
      And Claudas his knyghts brake theire spearis

Descendants

  • English: his

Pronoun

his (nominative he)

  1. Third-person singular masculine genitive pronoun: his.

Descendants

  • English: his

References


Navajo

Alternative forms

  • xis (in older Americanist literature)

Pronunciation

Noun

his

  1. pus

Inflection


Scots

Determiner

his

  1. his

Turkish

Pronunciation

Noun

his (definite accusative hissi, plural hisler)

  1. feeling, sensation, emotion

Declension

Inflection
Nominative his
Definite accusative hissi
Singular Plural
Nominative his hisler
Definite accusative hissi hisleri
Dative hisse hislere
Locative histe hislerde
Ablative histen hislerden
Genitive hissin hislerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular hissim hislerim
2nd singular hissin hislerin
3rd singular hissi hisleri
1st plural hissimiz hislerimiz
2nd plural hissiniz hisleriniz
3rd plural hisleri hisleri

Synonyms

Derived terms