he

English

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Middle English he, from Old English , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: , IPA(key): /ˈhiː/, (unstressed) IPA(key): /hi/, /i/
  • (US) enPR: , IPA(key): /hi/, [hi], [çi]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Pronoun

he (third-person singular, masculine, nominative case, oblique him, reflexive himself, possessive his)

  1. (personal) A male person or animal already known or implied.
    • 1620, Giovanni Bocaccio, John Florio, transl., The Decameron, Containing an Hundred Pleaſant Nouels: Wittily Diſcourſed, Betweene Seuen Honourable Ladies, and Three Noble Gentlemen[1], Isaac Iaggard, →ISBN, Nouell 8, The Eighth Day:
      [] purſued his vnneighbourly purpoſe in ſuch ſort: that hee being the ſtronger perſwader, and ſhe (belike) too credulous in beleeuing or elſe ouer-feeble in reſiſting, from priuate imparlance, they fell to action; and continued their cloſe fight a long while together, vnſeene and vvithout ſuſpition, no doubt to their equall ioy and contentment.
    • July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises[2]
      Though Bane’s sing-song voice gives his pronouncements a funny lilt, he doesn’t have any of the Joker’s deranged wit, and Nolan isn’t interested in undercutting his seriousness for the sake of a breezier entertainment.
  2. (personal, sometimes proscribed, see usage notes) A person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant.
    The rulebook clearly states that "if any student is caught cheating, he will be expelled", and you were caught cheating, were you not, Anna?
  3. (personal) An animal whose gender is unknown.
  4. A genderless object regarded as masculine, such as certain stars (e.g. Sun, Mercury, Mars, Jupiter) or certain ships
    Antonyms: she, it
    • 1770, A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 3rd edition, p. 125:
      JUPITER is the largest of all the Planets, his Orbit lies between the Orbits of the Earth and Mars, and at the cast Distance of 426 Millions of Miles from the Sun, he goes round him in 11 Years, 314 Days and 12 Hours; []
    • 2019, Sabaton, Bismarck:
      He [= the ship Bismarck] was made to rule the waves across the seven seas [] }
Usage notes
  • He was traditionally used as both a masculine and a gender-neutral pronoun, but since the mid 20th century generic usage has sometimes been considered sexist and limiting.[1][2] It is deprecated by some style guides, such as Wadsworth.[3] In place of generic he, writers and speakers may use he or she, alternate he and she as the indefinite person, use the singular they, or rephrase sentences to use plural they.
Quotations
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations
See also
References
  1. ^ he” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ When Words Collide: A Media Writer's Guide to Grammar and Style (2007, →ISBN
  3. ^ The Pocket Wadsworth Handbook, 2009 MLA Update Edition →ISBN, page 81: [A]void using the generic he or him when your subject could be either male or female. [...] Sexist: Before boarding, each passenger should make certain that he has his ticket. / Revised: Before boarding, passengers should make certain that they have their tickets.

Determiner

he

  1. (African-American Vernacular) Synonym of his

Noun

he (countable and uncountable, plural hes)

  1. (uncountable) The game of tag, or it, in which the player attempting to catch the others is called "he".
  2. The player attempting to catch the others in this game.
  3. (informal) A male.
    Is your cat a he or a she?

Etymology 2

Transliteration of various Semitic letters, such as Phoenician 𐤄(h), Hebrew ה(h), Syriac ܗ(h, ), and Old South Arabian 𐩠(h).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

he

  1. The name of the fifth letter of many Semitic alphabets (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic and others).
    • 1658, Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society 2007, page 210:
      The same number in the Hebrew mysteries and Cabalistical accounts was the character of Generation; declared by the Letter He, the fifth in their Alphabet.
    • 1988, Christina Pribićević-Zorić, translating Milorad Pavić, Dictionary of the Khazars, Vintage 1989, p. 7:
      This Nehama claimed that in his own hand he recognized the consonant “he” of his Hebrew language, and in the letter “vav” his own male soul.
  2. The name of the first letter of the Old South Arabian abjad.
Translations
See also
Further reading

Anagrams


Aukan

Noun

he

  1. paca (large South and Central American rodent)

References


Breton

Etymology

Compare Welsh ei.

Determiner

he

  1. her
    he zadher father

Catalan

Alternative forms

Verb

he

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of haver

Classical Nahuatl

Etymology

A natural expression.

Pronunciation

Interjection

he

  1. an expression of physical pain; ouch.

References

  • Alonso de Molina, Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana y mexicana y castellana, Editorial Porrúa, 1571, page 22r

Danish

Interjection

he

  1. (onomatopoeia) Signifies a laugh, especially one that is slightly mischievous.

See also


Dutch

Interjection

he

  1. Misspelling of .
  2. Misspelling of .

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Interjection

he

  1. interjection used to attract someone's attention, hey
  2. interjection expressing irony

Derived terms

See also


Fasu

Noun

hẹ or hȩ́ (Fasu)

  1. water
  2. river
    he Aiyo : the River Aiyo
  3. lake
    he Kutupu : Lake Kutubu
  4. liquid

Synonyms

  • hi (Namumi)

References


Finnish

Etymology 1

From Proto-Finnic *hek, from Proto-Finno-Permic *sej. Cognates include Northern Sami sii. The word is inflected as plural, but there is no plural marker in the nominative, except in dialects (het).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhe/, [ˈhe̞]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: he

Pronoun

he

  1. (personal) they (always plural, only of people)
Usage notes
  • In standard Finnish, he is practically never omitted, despite the verb showing both the person and the number. (compare the usage of hän, "she" / "he")
Declension
Synonyms
  • (dialectal): het
  • (dialectal): hyö
  • (colloquial): ne

See also

Etymology 2

Noun

he

  1. he (fifth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)
Declension
Inflection of he (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative he het
genitive hen heiden
heitten
partitive hetä heitä
illative hehen heihin
singular plural
nominative he het
accusative nom. he het
gen. hen
genitive hen heiden
heitten
partitive hetä heitä
inessive hessä heissä
elative hestä heistä
illative hehen heihin
adessive hellä heillä
ablative heltä heiltä
allative helle heille
essive henä heinä
translative heksi heiksi
instructive hein
abessive hettä heittä
comitative heineen
Possessive forms of he (type rosé)
possessor singular plural
1st person heni hemme
2nd person hesi henne
3rd person hensä

German Low German

Alternative forms

  • hee
  • (in other dialects, including Mecklenburgisch Western Pomeranian and Low Prussian) hei
  • (in other dialects, including Sauerländisch) hai
  • (in other dialects, including regional Westphalian and East Frisian as rare alternative form)

Etymology

From Old Saxon , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

he m (genitive sin, dative 1 em, dative 2 en, dative 3 jüm, accusative 1 em, accusative 2 en)

  1. (in some dialects, including, Münsterland, Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian and Low Prussian, personal) he (third-person singular masculine pronoun)
    (Low Prussian) He ös to lat.
    He is too late.

Usage notes

  • Which dative is employed depends on dialect, not on function.
  • Some dialects might consider any of the inflected forms obsolete.

Further reading

  • G. Ungt, Twee Geschichten in Mönstersk Platt. Ollmanns Jans in de Friümde un Ollmanns Jans up de Reise, 1861. The text has dative em and accusative em and en, and on page 22 the author notes: "Hier und in vielen Fällen steht der Dativ em statt des Accusativ en (ihm statt ihn) nach der Bequemlichkeit, die sich diese Mundart erlaubt." (Here and in many other places stands the dative em instead of the accusative en ...)

Hadza

Pronunciation

Verb

he

  1. to say, to tell
    Synonyms: î, hiyagga

Hawaiian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Article

he (indefinite)

  1. a, an
    he wahine au
    I am a woman
    he wahine kāna
    s/he has a wife

Ido

Pronunciation

Noun

he (plural be-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter H/h.

See also


Japanese

Romanization

he

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

Kikuyu

Etymology

Hinde (1904) records kuha as an equivalent of English give in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also Swahili kupa, etc. as its equivalents.[1]

Pronunciation

Verb

he (infinitive kũhe)

  1. to give

Derived terms

(Proverbs)

Related terms

(Nouns)

References

  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 26–27. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 361. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Lakota

Particle

he

  1. question-marking particle used by females in formal speech
    Mázaškaŋškaŋ tóna he?what time is it?

Usage notes

Informally, both men and women use this question-marking particle. When speaking formally, however, only women use it. In a formal setting, men use huwó, hwo, or huŋwó.

Synonyms


Mandarin

Romanization

he

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maori

Article

he

  1. a, an, some: indefinite article

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

he (accusative him or hine, genitive his or hisen, possessive determiner his)

  1. Third-person singular masculine pronoun: he
  2. it; used also of inanimate objects
  3. (impersonal) Third-person singular impersonal pronoun: one; you
Usage notes

In addition to referring to male humans and animals, this pronoun was used for inanimate objects belonging to the masculine grammatical gender early in Middle English. As grammatical gender obsolesced, this pronoun continued to refer to inanimate objects.

Alternative forms
Descendants
  • Scots: he
  • English: he

References

Etymology 2

From Old English hīe, .

Pronoun

he (accusative hem or he, genitive heres or heren, possessive determiner here)

  1. Third-person plural nominative pronoun: they
  2. Third-person plural accusative pronoun: them
Alternative forms

See also

References

Etymology 3

Pronoun

he

  1. Alternative form of heo (she)

Etymology 4

Interjection

he

  1. Alternative form of hey (hey)

Etymology 5

Noun

he

  1. Alternative form of heye (hedge)

Etymology 6

Adjective

he (comparative her, superlative hest)

  1. Alternative form of heigh (high)

Etymology 7

Verb

he (third-person singular simple present heth, present participle hende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle hed)

  1. Alternative form of hyen (to go quickly)

Middle Low German

Etymology

From Old Saxon , from Proto-Germanic *hiz.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. (third person singular masculine nominative) he

Declension


North Frisian

Pronoun

he

  1. Alternative form of hi

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

 m (accusative hine, genitive his, dative him)

  1. he
  2. it (when the thing being referred to is masculine)

Declension

Descendants

  • Lua error: not enough memory
    • Lua error: not enough memory
    • Lua error: not enough memory

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology

From Lua error: not enough memory.

Pronoun

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Declension

Descendants

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Portuguese

Verb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Scots

Etymology

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Pronunciation

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Pronoun

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. he

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology 1

From Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory; related to Lua error: not enough memory.

Adverb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory here is
Usage notes
  • Takes pronoun suffixes, e.g. Lua error: not enough memory, and is mostly used together with Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory.
See also
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology 2

Noun

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory; the Hebrew letter ה

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. First-person singular (Lua error: not enough memory) present indicative form of Lua error: not enough memory.

Swedish

Etymology

Related to Lua error: not enough memory.

Verb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory to put

Turkish

Etymology 1

Noun

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[H#Lua error: not enough memory|H]].Lua error: not enough memory

See also

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology 2

Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Interjection

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Westrobothnian

Etymology 1

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory (neuter of Lua error: not enough memory), from Lua error: not enough memory (neuter of Lua error: not enough memory). Akin to Lua error: not enough memory.

Alternative forms

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Pronunciation

  • Lua error: not enough memory (example of pronunciation)

Pronoun

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory that
  2. Lua error: not enough memory it

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. that
  2. as, when, simultaneously as

Usage notes

The prepositions Lua error: not enough memory/Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory/Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory/Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory govern the accusative for direction, and dative for location or relation, while Lua error: not enough memory is used like the when comparing things.

Etymology 2

Contraction of Lua error: not enough memory or Lua error: not enough memory.

Adverb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. how
  2. what

Etymology 3

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Alternative forms

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Verb

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. put