From Middle English haven, from Old English habban, hafian (“to have”), from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to have”), durative of *habjaną (“to lift, take up”), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, present tense of *keh₂p- (“to take, seize, catch”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian hääbe (“to have”), West Frisian hawwe (“to have”), Dutch hebben (“to have”), Low German hebben, hewwen (“to have”), German haben (“to have”), Danish have (“to have”), Swedish hava (“to have”), Norwegian Nynorsk ha (“to have”), Icelandic hafa (“to have”), Albanian kap (“I grab, catch, grip”), Latin capiō (“take”, verb), Russian хапать (xapatʹ, “to seize”). More at heave.
Since there is no common Indo-European root for a transitive possessive verb have (notice that Latin habeō is not etymologically related to English have), Proto-Indo-European probably lacked the have structure. Instead, the third person forms of be were used, with the possessor in dative case, compare Latin mihi est / sunt, literally to me is / are.
|present||I have||we have||I am having||we are having||I have had||we have had||I have been having||we have been having|
|you have||you have||you are having||you are having||you have had||you have had||you have been having||you have been having|
|he has||they have||he is having||they are having||he has had||they have had||he has been having||they have been having|
|past||I had||we had||I was having||we were having||I had had||we had had||I had been having||we had been having|
|you had||you had||you were having||you were having||you had had||you had had||you had been having||you had been having|
|he had||they had||he was having||they were having||he had had||they had had||he had been having||they had been having|
|future||I will have||we will have||I will be having||we will be having||I will have had||we will have had||I will have been having||we will have been having|
|you will have||you will have||you will be having||you will be having||you will have had||you will have had||you will have been having||you will have been having|
|he will have||they will have||he will be having||they will be having||he will have had||they will have had||he will have been having||they will have been having|
|conditional||I would have||we would have||I would be having||we would be having||I would have had||we would have had||I would have been having||we would have been having|
|you would have||you would have||you would be having||you would be having||you would have had||you would have had||you would have been having||you would have been having|
|he would have||they would have||he would be having||they would be having||he would have had||they would have had||he would have been having||they would have been having|
have (plural haves)
From have on (“to deceive”).
have (plural haves)
See hav (“sea, ocean”).
have f (plural haven)
have f (plural haves)
Lua error in Module:headword at line 453: Entries for this language must be placed in the Appendix: namespace.