en

English

Etymology 1

Abbreviation.

Pronunciation

Noun

en

  1. Abbreviation of English.

Etymology 2

The name of the letter comes from Latin en. The typographic sense dates to 1793.

Pronunciation

Noun

en (plural ens)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.
    The ems and ens at the beginnings and ends.
  2. (typography) A unit of measurement equal to half an em (half the height of the type in use).
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also

Etymology 3

From French.

Pronunciation

  • (imitating the French pronunciation) IPA(key): [ɑ̃], [õ]
  • (anglicised) IPA(key): /ɒn/, /ɑn/

Preposition

en

  1. Used in various phrases borrowed from French or formed as if borrowed from French (see "Derived terms" below).
Derived terms

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch en.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en

  1. and
    Ek sit en drink koeldrankI sit and drink a cold drink.
  2. well
    En?well?

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Cognate with German ein, German Low German en, ein, Dutch een, English one, Icelandic einn, Swedish en.

Pronunciation

Article

en m

  1. (indefinite) a, an

Declension

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en

  1. in

Usage notes

  • The preposition en contracts to n' before a word beginning with a vowel or h-: n'Asturies (in Asturias), n'honor (in honor)

Derived terms


Aukan

Etymology

From English and.

Noun

en

  1. and

Azerbaijani

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *ēn.[1]

Noun

en (definite accusative eni, plural enlər)

  1. width
    Synonym: genişlik

Declension

References

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg, “*ēn”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8)‎[1], Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, 2003
  • en” in Obastan.com.

Breton

Contraction

en

  1. e (preposition "in") + un (indefinite article "a(n)")
  2. e (preposition "in") + an (definite article "the")

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From the final syllable of Latin domine (Mister).

Article

en m sg (elided n', feminine na)

  1. (Eastern Catalan) Personal article used before masculine given names instead of the definite article el.
    En Pau i na Maria arribaran demà.
    Pau and Maria will be arriving tomorrow.
Usage notes
  • While this article (and its feminine counterpart na) is standard in Balearic Catalan, in other Eastern Catalan dialects its use is waning, and the elided of the definite article, l', is used before names beginning with vowels. There is no plural personal article, so the plural definite article els is used in all dialects.
Derived terms
  • can (contraction of ca and ne)

Etymology 2

From Old Occitan, from Latin in (in, inside), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en

  1. in

Etymology 3

From Latin inde (thence). Compare French en, Italian ne.

Pronoun

en (proclitic, contracted n', enclitic ne, contracted enclitic 'n)

  1. Represents an indeterminate number or quantity of a given noun.
  2. Represents a place (associated with the action described by the verb) that would be introduced by the preposition de.
  3. Replaces a phrase introduced by the preposition de.
  4. Replaces the object of a causative verb.
Usage notes
  • En cannot be used more than once as the object of a given verb.
  • While en is usually used to replace phrases beginning with the prepostion de, adverbial phrases (e.g., de pressa) are replaced with hi.
  • En is sometimes used instead of ho to replace an adjective or indefinite noun as the predicate of a verb.
  • En is sometimes used popularly to add emphasis to a sentence: in this sense, it has no translation in English.
Declension

See also

Further reading


Central Franconian

Etymology 1

From Old High German in.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Preposition

en

  1. (most dialects) in; into

Adverb

en

  1. (most dialects) in

Etymology 2

From Old High German indi.

Alternative forms

  • on, un (predominant)

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en

  1. (some western dialects) and

Etymology 3

From Old High German ein.

Alternative forms

  • e (neuter and in some dialects masculine, before non-dental consonants)

Pronunciation

Article

en (indefinite)

  1. (most dialects) feminine nominative and accusative
  2. (most dialects) neuter nominative and accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  3. (some dialects) masculine nominative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  4. (some dialects) masculine accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en (personal, reduced)

  1. (most dialects) him; masculine accusative
  2. (some dialects) he; masculine nominative
  3. (most dialects) them; plural dative

Chamorro

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en

  1. ye, you (plural)

Usage notes

See also

References

  • Donald M. Topping, Chamorro Reference Grammar[3], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press., 1973

Chuukese

Pronoun

en

  1. Second-person singular pronoun; you

See also

Determiner

en (plural ekkan)

  1. this (not in possession of the speaker)

Cimbrian

Pronoun

en

  1. Alternative form of in (him)

Further reading

  • “en” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso, Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo, 1974

Crimean Tatar

Noun

en

  1. width

Czech

Pronunciation

Noun

en n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

Further reading

  • en in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • en in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin in.

Preposition

en

  1. in

Related terms


Danish

Danish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /en/, [en], (stressed) [ˈeːˀn]

Article

en (neuter et)

  1. a, an

Numeral

en (neuter et)

  1. one

Pronoun

en or én (neuter et or ét, definite ene)

  1. one

Usage notes

  • Used as the oblique form of the generic pronoun man:[1]
    Hvis ens lærer behandler en uretfærdigt, kan man klage til skolens leder
    If your teacher treats you unfairly, you can complain to the head of the school
  1. ^ Erik Hansen & Lars Hedtoft, Grammatik over det Danske Sprog (Odense 2011), vol. 2, 557.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /ɛn/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /ən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: en
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ende, from Old Dutch ande, inde, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Conjunction

en

  1. and
    De oude man en de zee.The Old Man and the Sea.
  2. well, so
    En, hoe gaat het ermee?Well, how're you doing?
    En?Well?
    En, wat zou dat?So what?
  3. (mathematics) plus, and
    Drie en vier is zeven.Three plus four is seven.
Alternative forms
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: en
See also

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch ne, en, from Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Adverb

en

  1. (obsolete) (en ... niet) not
    • "Herr Halewyn", A.H. Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Horae Belgicae, page 41.
      ‘Uw zoon heer Halewyn is gaen jagen, / g’ en ziet hem weêr uw levens dagen.’
      'Your son Lord Halewyn has gone hunting / you won't see him again for the rest of your life.'
    ...dat aldaer binnen Utrecht niet meer geacht ende respecteert en wordt, ...that in Utrecht is no longer valued and respected...

Anagrams


Esperanto

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Preposition

en

  1. in, within, inside
    Ĝi estas en la domo.It is in (within, inside) the house.
  2. into (when followed by a noun or phrase in the accusative case)
    Li iras en la domon.He goes into the house.

Derived terms


Fala

Etymology

From Old Portuguese en, from Latin in (in), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.

Preposition

en

  1. in
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é custión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu: []
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as: []

Finnish

Etymology

See ei. Has the regular verb ending -n.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈen/, [ˈe̞n]
  • Rhymes: -en
  • Syllabification: en

Verb

en

  1. The first-person singular form of the negative verb (negation verb). The English translations include do not/don’t and not (with auxiliary verbs and be).

Usage notes

  • The negative verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb. That form is identical to the second-person singular imperative in the indicative present. The potential mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -ne-, and the conditional mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -isi-. In the indicative past, conditional past and potential past, the active past participle singular (ending -ut/-yt) is used. The connegative form of the main verb is always used without the personal suffix.
  • Usage of en:
  • Indicative:
  • Minä näen. (I see.) -> Minä en näe. (I do not see.)
  • Minä näin. (I saw.) -> Minä en nähnyt. (I did not see.)
  • Minä olen nähnyt. (I have seen.) -> Minä en ole nähnyt. (I have not seen.)
  • Minä olin nähnyt. (I had seen.) -> Minä en ollut nähnyt. (I had not seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Minä näkisin. (I would see.) -> Minä en näkisi. (I would not see.)
  • Minä olisin nähnyt. (I would have seen.) -> Minä en olisi nähnyt. (I would not have seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Minä nähnen. (I probably see.) -> Minä en nähne. (I probably do not see.)
  • Minä lienen nähnyt. (I have probably seen.) -> Minä en liene nähnyt. (I have probably not seen.)

Conjugation

  • The negation verb has no infinitive form.
  • Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person.
  • In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-.
  • An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
person indicative mood imperative mood optative mood
1st sing. en (älkääni, älkäämi) (ällön)
2nd sing. et älä (ällös)
3rd sing. ei älköön (älköön)
1st plur. emme älkäämme (älköömme)
2nd plur. ette älkää (älköötte)
3rd plur. eivät älkööt (älkööt)

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle French en, from Old French en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en

  1. in (used to indicate space, also see usage notes)
    J'habite en Angleterre.I live in England.
  2. to (indicates direction towards certain very large locations or turns the locations into indirect objects, see usage notes)
    Il est allé en France.He went to France.
  3. by (used to indicate means)
    aller en busgo by bus
    partir en voitureleave by car
  4. as
    Il me traite en ami.He treats me as a friend.
    habillé en père Noëldressed as Father Christmas
  5. at (used to describe an ability)
    fort en histoiregood at history
  6. of, made of (used to describe composition)
    une chaise en hêtrea chair made of beech/a beech chair
    une fourchette en métala fork made of metal/a metal fork
  7. in (during the following time (used for months and years))
    en 1993in 1993
    en janvierin January
    en septembre 2001in September 2001
  8. (followed by a gerund) while
  9. (followed by a gerund) by, in (describing a way of getting something)
    C'est en trichant qu'il est devenu champion.It was by cheating that he became champion.
  10. in (used to describe color)
    une photo en noir et blanca photo in black and white
  11. in (used to describe feelings)
    en détressein distress
  12. in (as part of something)
    en équipeon a team
Usage notes
  • En in the sense of while is often not translated into English.
  • When referring to location in countries, provinces, or similar subdivisions in sense 1 and direction or recipient in sense 2, en must be used when the name for that very large location is either a feminine singular noun or a vowel-initial masculine singular noun. If the name for the very large location is a consonant-initial masculine singular noun, au is used, while if the name of the very large location is plural, aux is used.

Further reading

Etymology 2

From Latin inde (thence). Compare Catalan en, Italian ne

Pronoun

en ?

  1. Used as the object of a verb to indicate an indefinite quantity; of it, of them. Replaces the partitive article (du, de la, etc.)
    Essaies-en !
    Try some (of it / them)!
    Tu as combien de livres ? J'en ai trois.
    How many books do you have? I have three (of them).
    Y a-t-il beaucoup de pièces ? Oui. Il y en a beaucoup.
    Are there many rooms? Yes, there are many (of them).
    Martin a trois sandwichs, mais j'en ai seulement deux.
    Martin has three sandwiches, but I have only two (of them).
    Il y en a combien ?
    How many of them are there?
    Je bois de l'alcool parce que j'en ai besoin
    I drink alcohol because I need (of) it.
    • 1654, Blaise Pascal, Traité du triangle arithmétique :
      J'en donnerai ici la méthode, que je poursuivrai seulement en deux ou trois exemples, qui seront si aisés à continuer qu'il ne sera pas nécessaire d'en donner davantage.
      I shall give (of it) here the method that I shall pursue only in two or three examples, which will be so easy to continue that it will not be necessary to give more of them.
  2. Adverbial preposition indicating movement away from a place already mentioned.
    Est-ce qu'elle vient de Barcelone ? Oui, elle en vient.
    Does she come from Barcelona? Yes, she does.
Related terms

Anagrams


Galician

Etymology

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en

  1. in
  2. When preceding a complement of a verb it can denote a unfinished or continued action:
    O Manuel vai na casaManuel went home (implying that eventually he'll be back)
    María beberrica no licorMaría is sipping his liquor

Usage notes

  • The preposition en contracts to n- before articles, before third-person tonic pronouns, and before the determiners algún and outro.

Derived terms

Adverb

en

  1. while; as soon as (followed by the gerund of a verb, expresses immediacy or simultaneity)
    En chegando mudas a roupa molladaAs soon as you arrive change your wet clothes
    • 1295, R. Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I. E. O. P. F., page 111:
      Et o conde, en chegando et ferindo logo ẽnos mouros, todo en hũu o fezo
      And the count, [just] arriving, and hurting promptly the Moors, all in one he did that
    • 1460, Rui Vasques, Corónica de Iria:
      en leendo perlos llibros algũus de canõicas antijgas, et preujlegios goticos dos santos catholicos et deuotos bispos de Yria et porla Escriptura, achey o fundamento para rreduzir aa memoria dos homes quanto durarõ çertas ydades
      [while] reading books, some of them of ancient canons, and Gothic privileges of the saint Catholic and devout bishops of Iria, and through the Bible, I found the foundation for reducing to the mind of men for how long some ages lasted
    • 1461, X. Ferro Couselo (ed.), A vida e a fala dos devanceiros. Escolma de documentos en galego dos séculos XIII ao XVI. 2 vols. Vigo: Galaxia, page 141:
      dito testigo en seendo moço pequeno con seu tyo Afonso Dominges, guardando o gaando en Curro do Moyño, que le dixera o dito Afonso Domingees "bees, por aquy se parte ho término do conde do de Juan d'Estúñiga
      said witness [while] being a young boy together with his uncle Afonso Domínguez, watching the cattle in Curro do Muíño, he was told by said Afonso Domínguez: "you see, here the term of the count limits with that of Xoán de Estúñiga

References

  • en” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • en” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • en” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • en” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German Low German

Alternative forms

  • 'n, -'n
  • (in other dialects, including Low Prussian) een
  • (in some dialects) ein

Etymology

From Old Saxon ēn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Compare Dutch een, German ein, West Frisian ien, English one.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɪ̯n/, /ˈeːn/, /ˈæɪ̯n/, /ˈeːɪ̯n/

Article

en m or n (indefinite article)

  1. (in some dialects) a, an

Numeral

en

  1. (in some dialects, including Low Prussian) one (1)

See also

  • Dutch Low Saxon: een
  • Plautdietsch een, (cardinal number) eent

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French un (one), from Latin ūnus (one).

Numeral

en

  1. one

Synonyms

See also


Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Determiner

en (indefinite)

  1. a, an
    Sie sitze aan em runde Disch.
    They are sitting at a round table.

Pronoun

en

  1. unstressed accusative of er: him.

Inflection

Declension

Further reading


Icelandic

Adverb

en

  1. how
    Nei, Elín? En gaman að sjá þig!Elín? How good to see you!

Conjunction

en

  1. but
    Bjóðum Önnu en ekki Björk.Let's invite Anna but not Björk.
    Ég ætla að brauð en ekki mjólk.I'll have bread but not milk.
  2. than (with an adjective in the comparative)
    Ég er betri en bróðir minn.I'm better than my brother.

Usage notes

  • Sometimes Icelandic uses en where English would use and:
    Jón var sonur hans, en Ása dóttir.
    John was his son, and Ása his daughter.
    Veðrið var ekki gott framan af: rigning á fjallinu, en þoka í byggð.
    The weather was not good to begin with: rain in the mountains, and fog in the countryside.
    Rannsókn embættis sérstaks saksóknara á meintum innherjasvikum Baldurs Guðlaugssonar stóð yfir í rúmlega ár, en FME kærði málið með bréfi til embættisins hinn 9. júlí á síðasta ári.[1]
  • In the sentence
    Hún er skemmtilegri en ég.
    She is more fun than I am.
the word en (than) may be omitted, and the subject (which is ég (I) in this example) may be used in the dative case.
Hún er skemmtilegri mér.
Now the sentence has the same meaning, only much more formal. In order to make the sentence more casual- one can reposition the subject (in the dative).
Hún er mér skemmtilegri.

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ “Archived copy”, in (please provide the title of the work)[2], retrieved 25 April 2019, archived from the original on 19 September 2016

Ido

Etymology

From French en, Spanish en, from Latin in, inde from Proto-Indo-European *én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en

  1. in

Ingrian

Pronunciation

Verb

en

  1. first-person singular present of ei

References

  • Vitalij Chernyavskij, Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[4], 2005

Japanese

Romanization

en

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えん

Jersey Dutch

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch een, from Old Dutch ēn, ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Article

en

  1. the

Etymology 2

Cognate to Dutch en (and). Compare English and.

Conjunction

en

  1. and
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      Hai waz nît tevrêde täus en []
      He was not content at home and []

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese em.

Preposition

en

  1. in

Kott

Etymology

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔäń (˜x-) ("wave").

Noun

en (plural ēnaŋ)

  1. wave

Noun

en

  1. plural of ei

Kriol

Etymology

From English and.

Conjunction

en

  1. and

Ladino

Preposition

Lua error in Module:lad-headword at line 49: The parameter "1" is not used by this template.

  1. in
    • 2000, David Altabé, “Ay koza triste en ser Sefaradi”, in Esther Benbassa, editor, Les Sépharades en littérature, page 164:
      En todas partes del mundo bivi,
      i pedasos de mi alma abandoni
      I've lived in all parts of the world,
      and abandoned pieces of my soul
    • 2014, Şeli GAON, “La solidaridad”, in Şalom Gazetesi[5]:
      Deke la solidaridad es emportante? Porke la solidaridad es lo djusto. Porke; todos bivimos en una sosyetad...
      Why is solidarity important? Because solidarity is what is right. Because we all live in a society...

Latin

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Interjection

ēn

  1. lookǃ beholdǃ (presenting something in a lively or indignant manner)
  2. reallyǃ? (surprise or anger in questions)
  3. come onǃ (exhortation to action in imperatives)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

en f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter N.
Usage notes
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter N, n have been suggested. The most common is en or a syllabic n, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ən, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιννε (inne).
Coordinate terms

References

  • en in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • en in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian

Pronunciation

(file)

Noun

en m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter N/n.

See also


Leonese

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

en

  1. in

Usage notes

When followed by an article, en is combined with the next word to give the following combined forms:

References


Lule Sami

Verb

en

  1. first-person dual present of ij

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /en/, [ən]
  • Rhymes: -ən
  • (file)

Article

en m or n

  1. Indefinite article; a, an
    Ech droen en Hutt wann et reent.I wear a hat when it rains.
    Hues du e bloe Stëft?Do you have a blue pen?

Declension

Luxembourgish indefinite articles
masculine feminine neuter
nom./acc. en eng en
dative engem enger engem

Pronoun

en

  1. unstressed form of hien
    Hues de n e gefrot?Have you asked him?
  2. unstressed form of hinnen
    Ech hunn et e gesot.I told it them

Declension

Usage notes

  • Due to the Eifel Rule, the final -n is lost when the following word begins with a consonant other than <d>, <h>, <n>, <t> or <z>.

Mandarin

Romanization

en

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of én.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ěn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of èn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en

  1. Alternative form of ende

Middle English

Preposition

en

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French [Term?], from Latin in.

Preposition

en

  1. on; on to

Descendants

  • French: en

Middle Low German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not).

Pronunciation

Unknown, possibly IPA(key): /ɛn/ or IPA(key): /ən/.

Particle

en m

  1. not; negates a verb, usage is facultative if it leads to a double negative
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall [not] sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...
  2. unless
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...

Alternative forms

  • ne (older, Eastphalian)

Movima

Verb

en

  1. to stand

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Bokmål cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

Article

en m (feminine ei or (non-standard since 1938) e, neuter et)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Numeral

en m (feminine ei, neuter ett, stressed form én)

  1. one

Derived terms

See also

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Conjunction

en

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1901; superseded by enn

Etymology 2

Article

en

  1. (dialectal, nonstandard) Alternative form of ein

Old French

Alternative forms

  • in (10th century)

Etymology

From Latin in.

Pronunciation

Preposition

en

  1. in; inside
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine):
      Et pour ce qu’il se complaint moult de froit et horipilacion, pour ce au commencement on luy doit mettre les piés et les mains en eaue chaulde
      And if he complains about cold and shivers, to start with one must put his feet and is hands in hot water
  2. on; upon
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      qi en la crois fu mis
      [He] who was put on the cross
  3. in (experiencing an emotion, a feeling, etc.)
    en painein pain
  4. in (indicates a language)
    en latinin Latin

Descendants

  • Middle French: en
    • French: en
  • Norman: en

Old Frisian

Old Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Numeral

en m

  1. one
    ēn skillingone shilling

Inflection

Masculine SG Feminine SG Neuter SG
nominative ēn ēn ēn
accusative ēnne ēne ēn
genitive ēnes ēnere ēnes
dative ēna ēnere ēna

Descendants

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: een m, ian f or n
    Helgoland: iaan, jaan
    Mooring: ån m, iinj f or n
    Sylt: jen
    Wiedingharde: aarn m, iin f or n
  • Saterland Frisian: aan, een
  • West Frisian: ien

Old Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *en (in), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en

  1. in

Related terms

Descendants

  • Latin: in (see there for further descendants)

Old Norse

Conjunction

en

  1. but
  2. (as a copulative): and
  3. than

Synonyms

  • (and): ok
  • (than): an

References

  • en in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910

Old Occitan

Pronoun

en

  1. of it; of them
    • 12th century, Bernard de Ventadour, Can vei la lauzeta mover
      Ailas! Tan cuidava saber
      D'amor, e tan petit en sai,
      Alas! I thought I knew so much
      about love, and I know so little [of it]!

Old Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin in (in), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en

  1. in
    • Como hũa moller q̇ iogaua os dados en pulla lançou hũa pedra aa omagen de ſ[ant]a mari[a] por q̇ perdera ⁊ parou un angeo de pedra que y eſtava a mão ⁊ reçibiu o colpe.
      How a woman who was playing dice in Apulia threw a stone at the statue of Holy Mary because she had lost, and an angel of stone which was there reached out its hand and received the blow.

Descendants

  • Fala: en
  • Galician: en
  • Portuguese: em

Old Saxon

Old Saxon cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ēn

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Pronunciation

Numeral

en m

  1. one
    • thoh uui hēr te meti habdin garu im te geƀanne sō uui mahtin fargelden mēst tueho uuāri is noh than that iro ēnig thar ēnes gināmi
      Though we had food that we should buy to give him. The most doubt is still there that anyone once felt
      (Heliand, verse 2637)

Article

en m

  1. a, an (rarely used)

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: ên, ein
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: een (Hamburgisch)
      • Westphalian:
        Lippisch: eun
        Ravensbergisch: åine
        Sauerländisch: ên
        Westmünsterländisch: een, eene, ne
    • Plautdietsch: een

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Numeral

ēn m or f

  1. one

Pennsylvania German

Pronunciation

Etymology

Compare German ein.

Article

en (indefinite)

  1. a, an

Declension

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative en en en
Accusative en en en
Dative me re me

Pronoun

en

  1. him

Declension


Slovene

Slovene numbers
< 0 1 2 >

Etymology

Contraction of earlier êden, from Proto-Slavic *(j)edinъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one, single).

Pronunciation

Numeral

ȅn

  1. one

Usage notes

The form êden is used when the word does not modify a noun directly, but stands in predicate position. When counting or reciting numbers, the feminine form êna is normally used.

Inflection

Derived terms


Spanish

Etymology

From Old Spanish en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in). Cognate with Old English in and English in.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /en/, [ẽn]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -en

Preposition

en

  1. in, at, on
    Estoy en casa.
    I'm at home.
    Estoy sentado en la computadora.
    I'm sitting at the computer.
    en esta página
    on this page
    en la caja en la mesa
    in the box on the table
  2. in (a time)
    en la antigüedad
    in antiquity
    en 1999
    in 1999
  3. in (a language)
    No conozco esta palabra en francés.
    I don't know this word in French.
    en todos los idiomas
    in all languages
  4. used after some verbs and translated by various prepositions in English
    Pienso en tí.
    I'm thinking of you.
  5. in (in various expressions)
    en el sentido
    in the sense
    en nuestro afán
    in our eagerness

Sranan Tongo

Etymology

From older hem, from English him.

Alternative forms

Pronoun

en

  1. Third-person singular possessive determiner/pronoun; his, her, its

Pronoun

en

  1. Third-person singular object pronoun; him, her, it
  2. Contrastive variant of a; he, she, it.

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish ēn, æn, from Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en (genitive ens)

  1. one; object form of man (=one)
    Det man inte vet skadar en inte
    What one doesn’t know doesn’t hurt one.
  2. one (see usage notes)
Usage notes

En has in recent years been used as a more gender-conscious alternative to the impersonal pronoun man. The development is in some ways parallel to the gender-neutral pronoun hen. Usage is common among certain speaker groups, but not universally acknowledged in the standard language.[6] Previously it has also been used in some dialects.

Declension

Pronunciation 2

Numeral

Swedish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : första

en (neuter ett)

  1. one
Coordinate terms
Related terms

Article

en c (neuter ett)

  1. the indefinite article: a, an.
Declension
  • en and ett are invariable in the singular, as nominative en konung (a king) and genitive en konungs (a king's).
  • The genitive enes and the dative enom are dated.

Etymology 2

From earlier ene (sometimes also ener), from Old Norse einir.

Pronunciation 3

Noun

en c

  1. juniper
Declension
Declension of en 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative en enen enar enarna
Genitive ens enens enars enarnas
Related terms

References

Anagrams


Turkish

Etymology 1

From Old Turkic en(en), from Proto-Turkic *ēn (breadth, width).

Noun

en (definite accusative eni, plural enler)

  1. width
  2. a cachet on an animal or bonded goods
Declension
Inflection
Nominative en
Definite accusative eni
Singular Plural
Nominative en enler
Definite accusative eni enleri
Dative ene enlere
Locative ende enlerde
Ablative enden enlerden
Genitive enin enlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular enim enlerim
2nd singular enin enlerin
3rd singular eni enleri
1st plural enimiz enlerimiz
2nd plural eniniz enleriniz
3rd plural enleri enleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular enimi enlerimi
2nd singular enini enlerini
3rd singular enini enlerini
1st plural enimizi enlerimizi
2nd plural eninizi enlerinizi
3rd plural enlerini enlerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular enime enlerime
2nd singular enine enlerine
3rd singular enine enlerine
1st plural enimize enlerimize
2nd plural eninize enlerinize
3rd plural enlerine enlerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular enimde enlerimde
2nd singular eninde enlerinde
3rd singular eninde enlerinde
1st plural enimizde enlerimizde
2nd plural eninizde enlerinizde
3rd plural enlerinde enlerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular enimden enlerimden
2nd singular eninden enlerinden
3rd singular eninden enlerinden
1st plural enimizden enlerimizden
2nd plural eninizden enlerinizden
3rd plural enlerinden enlerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular enimin enlerimin
2nd singular eninin enlerinin
3rd singular eninin enlerinin
1st plural enimizin enlerimizin
2nd plural eninizin enlerinizin
3rd plural enlerinin enlerinin

Etymology 2

From Old Turkic 𐰭(), from Proto-Turkic [Term?]. Cognate with Uzbek eng and Kyrgyz эң ()

Adverb

en

  1. Forms the superlative of the following adjective.
    büyük, en büyük
    big, (the) biggest

Veps

Verb

en

  1. first-person singular present of ei

Welsh

Pronunciation

Noun

en f (plural eniau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
en unchanged unchanged hen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also


West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian and, ende, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en

  1. and

Further reading

  • “en”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[7] (in Dutch), 2011

Zou

Noun

en

  1. food
  2. meal

Verb

en

  1. look

References