been

See also: Been

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1

From Middle English ybeen, been, past participle of been (to be), from Old English ġebēon, past participle of bēon (to be), equivalent to be +‎ -en.

Alternative forms

  • (obsolete): ybe (see y-).

Pronunciation

Verb

been

Etymology 2

From Middle English been, be, present plural of been (to be) (with the -n leveled in from the past and subjunctive; compare competing forms aren/are, beth), from Old English bēoþ, present plural of bēon (to be), from Proto-Germanic *biunþi, third-person present plural of *beuną (to be, become).

Verb

been

  1. (obsolete)
    • 1584, George Peele, The Arraignment of Paris, I, ii
      My love is fair, my love is gay,
      As fresh as been the flowers in May;
    • c. 1608, William Shakespeare, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, II
      Where when men been, there's seldom ease;
    • 1641, Ben Jonson, The Sad Shepherd, I, iii
      O Friar, those are faults that are not seen,
      Ours open, and of worse example been.
    • Lua error in Module:quote at line 165: The first parameter (language code) is missing.
      Some of green Boughs their slender Cabbins frame, / Some lodged were Tortoſa's streets about, / Of all the Hoſt the Chief of Worth and Name / Aſſembled been, a Senate grave and ſtout;

Etymology 3

From Middle English been (to be), from Old English bēon (to be), from Proto-Germanic *beuną (to be, become).

Verb

been

  1. (Southern US)

Etymology 4

From Middle English been, from Old English bēon (bees), nominative and accusative plural of bēo (bee), equivalent to bee +‎ -en.

Pronunciation

Noun

been

  1. (Britain dialectal)

See also

References

Vaux, Bert and Scott Golder. 2003. The Harvard Dialect Survey: been. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Linguistics Department.

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Etymology

From Dutch been.

Noun

been (plural bene or beendere)

  1. leg
  2. bone

Usage notes

  • The plural beendere is used alternatively in the sense “bone”, especially collectively.

Derived terms


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch bêen, from Old Dutch bēn, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation

Noun

been n (plural benen, diminutive beentje n)

  1. leg, limb of a person, horse (other animals' would have poten) and certain objects (again many have poten)
    De benen van een passer.The legs of a pair of compasses.
  2. (mathematics) side, leg
    De benen van een hoek.The sides of an angle.

Usage notes

  • The contemporary plural benen is derived from an analogy to other nouns with regular plurals. Originally, been was left unchanged in the plural; such use in preserved only in set phrases like op de been (upright, standing, awake).

Noun

been n (plural beenderen or benen, diminutive beentje n)

  1. bone, constituent part of a skeleton.
  2. (uncountable) bone, the chalky material bones are made of

Synonyms

Derived terms

Verb

Template:nl-verb-form

  1. first-person singular present indicative of benen
  2. imperative of benen

Anagrams


Dutch Low Saxon

Noun

been

  1. leg

See also

  • German Low German: Been

Finnish

Noun

been

  1. Genitive singular form of bee.
  2. Accusative singular form of bee.

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch bēn, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Noun

bêen n

  1. leg
  2. foot
  3. bone

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms

Descendants

Further reading


Middle English

Etymology 1

From a conflation of Old English bēon and wesan, from Proto-Germanic *beuną and *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewHeti and a conflation of *h₂wéseti and *h₁ésti.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

been

  1. to be
    • 1382 John Wycliffe, translation of the Bible (John 1:48)
      Bifor that Filip clepide thee, whanne thou were vndur the fige tree, Y saiy thee.
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      ...Filip of Repintoun whilis he was a chanoun of Leycetre, Nycol Herforde, dane Geffrey of Pikeringe, monke of Biland and a maistir dyuynyte, and Ioon Purueye, and manye other whiche weren holden rightwise men and prudent...
Conjugation
Descendants
  • English: be (dialectal been)
  • Scots: be

Etymology 2

From Old English bēon, nominative plural form of bēo, from Proto-Germanic *bijōniz, nominative plural form of *bijǭ.

Noun

been


Scots

Etymology

From Middle English ybeen, from Old English ġebēon, past participle of bēon (to be).

Verb

been