all

English

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Alternative forms

  • al (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English all, from Old English eall (all, every, entire, whole, universal), from Proto-Germanic *allaz (all, whole, every), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (all). Cognate with West Frisian al (all), Dutch al (all), Scots a' (all), German all (all), Swedish all (all), Norwegian all (all), Icelandic allur (all), Welsh oll (all), Irish uile (all), Lithuanian aliái (all, each, every).

Pronunciation

Determiner

In this picture, all of the red shapes are inside the yellow boundary.

all

  1. Every individual or anything of the given class, with no exceptions (the noun or noun phrase denoting the class must be plural or uncountable).
    All contestants must register at the scorer’s table.
    All flesh is originally grass.
    All my friends like classical music.
    • 1638, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy. [], 5th edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed [by Robert Young, Miles Flesher, and Leonard Lichfield and William Turner] for Henry Cripps, OCLC 932915040, partition II, section 2, member 6, subsection iv, page 298:
      Beautie alone is a ſoveraigne remedy againſt feare,griefe,and all melancholy fits; a charm,as Peter de la Seine and many other writers affirme,a banquet it ſelfe;he gives inſtance in diſcontented Menelaus that was ſo often freed by Helenas faire face: and hTully, 3 Tusc. cites Epicurus as a chiefe patron of this Tenent.
    • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter III, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:
      In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass. In this way all respectable burgesses, down to fifty years ago, spent their evenings.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path []. It twisted and turned, [] and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn. And, back of the lawn, was a big, old-fashioned house, with piazzas stretching in front of it, and all blazing with lights.
  2. Throughout the whole of (a stated period of time; generally used with units of a day or longer).
    The store is open all day and all night.
    (= through the whole of the day and the whole of the night.)
    I’ve been working on this all year.
    (= from the beginning of the year until now.)
  3. Only; alone; nothing but.
    He's all talk; he never puts his ideas into practice.
  4. (obsolete) Any.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Pronoun

all

  1. Everything.
    Some gave all they had.
    She knows all and sees all.
    Those who think they know it all are annoying to those of us who do.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 3, in The Celebrity:
      Now all this was very fine, but not at all in keeping with the Celebrity's character as I had come to conceive it. The idea that adulation ever cloyed on him was ludicrous in itself. In fact I thought the whole story fishy, and came very near to saying so.
  2. Everyone.
    A good time was had by all.
    We all enjoyed the movie.
  3. The only thing(s).
    All that was left was a small pile of ash.
  4. (chiefly Southern US, Midland US, Scotland, Northern Ireland) Used after who, what, where, how and similar words, either without changing their meaning, or indicating that one expects that they cover more than one element, e.g. that "who all attended" is more than one person. (Some dialects only allow this to follow some words and not others.)
    • 1904 October 10, Shea v. Nilima, [US] Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, in 1905, Reports Containing the Cases Determined in All the Circuits from the Organization of the Courts, page 266:
      Q. Now, then, when you started to go to stake the claims, who all went along?
      A. I and Johan Peter Johansen, Otto Greiner, and Thorulf Kjelsberg.
    • 1998, Football's Best Short Stories (ed. Paul D. Staudohar), 107:
      "I mean, you could have called us—collect, o'course—jes' to let us know how-all it's a-goin'."
    • 2002, Richard Haddock, Arkalalah, iUniverse (→ISBN), page 73:
      "Where all did he go? What exactly was his job?" Gary shrugged and produced a weak laugh. "I reckon the Middle East. Ain't that where all the oil is?"
    • 2011, Moni Mohsin, Tender Hooks, Random House India (→ISBN):
      "Do you ever ask me what I want to see? Or ask me about where all I've gone, who all I've met, what all I've done? Never. Not for one second. And why? Because you don't give two hoops about me."
  5. (colloquial, US) Clipping of y’all. Used only as a vocative.
    • 2012 October 9, chapter 7, in Marge Thompson & Frankie M. Leisering, editors, In His Grip … a Walk Through Breast Cancer[1], WestBow Press, →ISBN, page 39:
      Hey all, just a quick note as I am trying to do 46 things at once and slow down a touch all at once…

Translations

Adverb

all (not comparable)

  1. (degree) Intensifier.
    It suddenly went all quiet.
    She was all, “Whatever.”
  2. (poetic) Entirely; completely; totally.
    • 1738, Charles Wesley, “And can it be that I should gain”, in John Wesley, editor, A Collection of Psalms and Hymns, Charlestown: Lewis Timothy, OCLC 909267115:
      'Tis mystery all: th'Immortal dies
    • 1930, Norman Lindsay, Redheap, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1965, page 127:
      The parson, all unaware, dully pursued his calling, perched above the exquisite derision of their glances.
  3. Apiece; each.
    The score was 30 all when the rain delay started.
  4. (degree) So much.
    Don't want to go? All the better since I lost the tickets.
  5. (obsolete, poetic) Even; just.
    • 1579, Edmund Spenser, The Shepheardes Calender, London: Hugh Singleton, OCLC 932885060:
      All as his straying flock he fed.
    • 1715, John Gay, What D’ye Call It?, London: Bernard Lintott, OCLC 938412196:
      A damsel lay deploring / All on a rock reclined.

Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

all (countable and uncountable, plural alls)

  1. (with a possessive pronoun) Everything that one is capable of.
    She gave her all, and collapsed at the finish line.
  2. (countable) The totality of one's possessions.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, pp. 37-8:
      she therefore ordered Jenny to pack up her alls and begone, for that she was determined she should not sleep that night within her walls. [] I packed up my little all as well as I could, and went off.

Translations

Conjunction

all

  1. (obsolete) Although.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, volume 2, London: Ponsonbie, OCLC 243035665:
      And those two froward sisters, their faire loves, / Came with them eke, all they were wondrous loth.

Derived terms

Terms derived from the adverb, determiner, or noun all

Adjective

all

  1. (Pennsylvania, dialect) All gone; dead.
    The butter is all.

Derived terms

Related terms

See also


Anagrams


Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut- (bitter). Compare Old English ealu (ale), Latin alum (comfrey), alūta (tawed leather), Polish zjełczały (Eastern) jełki, iłki (rancid), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).

Adjective

all m (feminine alle)

  1. of reddish colour

Breton

Pronunciation

Adjective

all

  1. other

Derived terms


Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan (compare Occitan alh), from Latin allium (compare French ail, Spanish ajo).

Pronunciation

Noun

all m (plural alls)

  1. garlic

Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ala.

Postposition

all

  1. under, below (Governs the genitive)

Derived terms


German

Etymology

From Middle High German al, from Old High German al, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /al/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -al

Determiner

all

  1. all
    Alle Menschen sind gleich.
    All people are equal.
    Du musst doch nicht allen Unsinn nachmachen, den du hörst!
    You needn't reproduce all nonsense that you hear!
    • 1843, Karl Ludwig Kannegießer (translation from Italian into German), Die göttliche Komödie des Dante Alighieri, 4th edition, 1st part, Leipzig, p. 84:
      ... / Nachdem, von Wuth und Grausamkeit entbronnen, / Der Weiberschwarm die Männer all erschlug.
  2. every (in time intervals, with plural noun)
    Wir treffen uns alle zwei Wochen.
    We meet up every two weeks.

Usage notes

  • The bare form all is used with articles and pronouns, which it precedes (as in English). For instance: all die Sachen (all the things); all dies[es] Gerede (all this chitchat); all meine Freunde (all my friends). Colloquial German often uses the adjective ganz instead: die ganzen Sachen; dies[es] ganze Gerede; meine ganzen Freunde.

Declension

Declension of aller
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative aller alle alles alle
genitive alles
allen
aller alles
allen
aller
dative allem aller allem allen
accusative allen alle alles alle

Derived terms

Further reading

  • all” in Duden online

Gothic

Romanization

all

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌻𐌻

Ingrian

Etymology

Akin to Finnish alla.

Postposition

all (+ genitive)

  1. under

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

Pronoun

all

  1. (with uncountable or plural nouns) all
  2. (with countable singular nouns) every; each
    Et muss een net mat all Virschlag eens sinn.
    One needn’t agree to every proposition.

Usage notes

  • The word is usually uninflected, except for the dative plural, which becomes allen.

Synonyms

Derived terms


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English eall, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Pronunciation

Adverb

all

  1. all (entirely, completely)

Determiner

all

  1. all, every

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Scots: a', aw
  • English: all
    • Northumbrian: aal
  • Yola: aul

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse allr.

Determiner

all (neuter singular alt, plural alle)

  1. all

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse allr. Akin to English all.

Pronunciation

Determiner

all (neuter singular alt, plural alle)

  1. all

Derived terms

References


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *allaz, whence also Old Saxon al, Old High German al, Old Norse allr.

Pronunciation

Adjective

all (Anglian)

  1. all

Declension

Adverb

all (Anglian)

  1. fully

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German all, Dutch al, English all.

Adjective

all

  1. all

Related terms


Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish alder, from Old Norse allr, from Proto-Germanic *allaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el-.

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Determiner

all (neuter allt, masculine alle, plural alla)

  1. all
    Drack du upp all mjölk?
    Did you drink all the milk?

Usage notes

All (with inflections) is used with mass nouns. The corresponding for nouns with ordinary plural is alla.

A masculine-looking form (alle) is virtually only retained in the fixed expressions alle man and allesamman (everyone).

See also


Welsh

Pronunciation

Verb

all

  1. Soft mutation of gall.